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  Sexual Risk Intervention In Multiethnic Drug And Alcohol Users
Titel: Sexual Risk Intervention In Multiethnic Drug And Alcohol Users
Auteur: Deborah L. Jones
Stephen M. Weiss
Ndashi Chitalu
Olga Villar
Mahendra Kumar
Violet Bwalya
Maureen Mumbi
Verschenen in: American journal of infectious diseases
Paginering: Jaargang 3 (2007) nr. 4 pagina's 169-176
Jaar: 2007
Inhoud: An estimated 38.6 million persons globally are living with HIV, of whom over 1.1 million reside in Zambia. Of the 2 million cases in the US, 64% of new cases among women are among African Americans. Alcohol and drug use represents a significant risk factor for HIV transmissionamong both Zambians and African Americans. In addition, gender dynamics in both the US and Zambia promote transmission. This study examines two interventions targeting HIV risk behavior among HIV positive substance users, women in Miami, USA (the New Opportunities for Women (NOW) Project) and men in Lusaka, Zambia (the Partner Project). The study compares the efficacy of these two culturally tailored sexual behavior interventions provided in group and individual session formats. US and Zambian participants increased sexual barrier use and reduced substance-related sexual risk. Comparatively greater gains were made by higher risk Zambian males than US females in both group and individual conditions. Among lower risk participants, women in the group condition achieved and sustained the greatest comparative risk reductions. Results suggest that cost effective group HIV transmission risk reduction interventions for multiethnic individuals can be successfullyimplemented among both female and male drug and alcohol users in multinational settings.
Uitgever: Science Publications (provided by DOAJ)
Bronbestand: Elektronische Wetenschappelijke Tijdschriften

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