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  Flexible and Robust Patterning by Centralized Gene Networks
Titel: Flexible and Robust Patterning by Centralized Gene Networks
Auteur: Vakulenko, Sergei
Radulescu, Ovidiu
Verschenen in: Fundamenta informaticae
Paginering: Jaargang 118 (2012) nr. 4 pagina's 345-369
Jaar: 2012-06-12
Inhoud: We investigate the possibility of programming arbitrarily complex space-time patterns, and transitions between such patterns, by gene networks. We consider networks with two types of nodes. The v-nodes, called centers, are hyperconnected and interact one to another via u-nodes, called satellites. This centralized architecture realizes a bow-tie scheme and possesses interesting properties. Namely, this organization creates feedback loops that are capable to generate any prescribed patterning dynamics, chaotic or periodic, or stabilize a number of prescribed equilibrium states. We show that activation or silencing of a node can sharply switch the network dynamics, even if the activated or silenced node is weakly connected. Centralized networks can keep their flexibility, and still be protected against environmental noises. Finding an optimized network that is both robust and flexible is a computationally hard problem in general, but it becomes feasible when the number of satellites is large. In theoretical biology, this class of models can be used to implement the Driesch-Wolpert program, allowing to go from morphogen gradients to multicellular organisms.
Uitgever: IOS Press
Bronbestand: Elektronische Wetenschappelijke Tijdschriften

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