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  Socio-Pragmatics and Attention: Contributions to Gesturally Guided Word Learning in Toddlers
 
 
Titel: Socio-Pragmatics and Attention: Contributions to Gesturally Guided Word Learning in Toddlers
Auteur: Booth, Amy E.
McGregor, Karla K.
Rohlfing, Katharina J.
Verschenen in: Language learning and development
Paginering: Jaargang 4 (2008) nr. 3 pagina's 179-202
Jaar: 2008-07
Inhoud: It is clear that gestural cues facilitate early word learning. In hopes of illuminating the relative contributions of attentional and socio-pragmatic factors to the mechanisms by which these cues exert their influence, we taught toddlers novel words with the support of a hierarchy of gestural cues. Twenty-eight- to 31-month-olds heard one of two possible referents labeled with a novel word, while the experimenter gazed at or gazed at and pointed to, touched, or manipulated the target. Learning improved with greater redundancy among cues, with the largest improvement evident when pointing was added to gazing. Looking times revealed that attentional factors accounted for only a small fraction of the variance in performance. Indeed, a significant increase in attention driven by manipulation of the target failed to improve learning. The results therefore suggest a strong role for socio-pragmatic factors in supporting the facilitative effect of gestural cues on word learning.
Uitgever: Psychology Press
Bronbestand: Elektronische Wetenschappelijke Tijdschriften
 
 

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