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  Is Infants' Learning of Sound Patterns Constrained by Phonological Features?
 
 
Titel: Is Infants' Learning of Sound Patterns Constrained by Phonological Features?
Auteur: Cristia, Alejandrina
Seidl, Amanda
Verschenen in: Language learning and development
Paginering: Jaargang 4 (2008) nr. 3 pagina's 203-227
Jaar: 2008-07
Inhoud: Phonological patterns in languages often involve groups of sounds rather than individual sounds, which may be explained if phonology operates on the abstract features shared by those groups (Troubetzkoy, 1939/1969; Chomsky & Halle, 1968). Such abstract features may be present in the developing grammar either because they are part of a Universal Grammar included in the genetic endowment of humans (e.g., Hale, Kissock and Reiss, 2006), or plausibly because infants induce features from their linguistic experience (e.g., Mielke, 2004). A first experiment tested 7-month-old infants' learning of an artificial grammar pattern involving either a set of sounds defined by a phonological feature, or a set of sounds that cannot be described with a single feature—an “arbitrary” set. Infants were able to induce the constraint and generalize it to a novel sound only for the set that shared the phonological feature. A second study showed that infants' inability to learn the arbitrary grouping was not due to their inability to encode a constraint on some of the sounds involved.
Uitgever: Psychology Press
Bronbestand: Elektronische Wetenschappelijke Tijdschriften
 
 

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