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  The navigational chart and marine positioning in the 1990s
Titel: The navigational chart and marine positioning in the 1990s
Auteur: Gooding, Nigel R. L.
Verschenen in: Marine geodesy
Paginering: Jaargang 14 (1990) nr. 3-4 pagina's 197-203
Jaar: 1990-07
Inhoud: The historical development of positioning in relation to the nautical chart is described. Present nautical charts are largely based on geodetic surveys which date from the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This gave rise to the use of many local datums and there has been a need to provide the mariner with information to enable him to transfer his position from one chart to an adjacent one on a different datum. The availability of the Global Positioning System (GPS) and the World Geodetic System 1984 (WGS84) datum enables positioning on a single worldwide datum to become a reality. The important factors affecting the adoption of WGS84 as the datum for nautical charts—namely, data availability and the practical and political considerations—are discussed. New developments in the use of nautical charts, the electronic chart display and information systems, and the delineation of international boundaries and territorial limits all give rise to the requirement for improved positional accuracies. Recent experience in the use of GPS both in the provision of control for shore stations of electronic position-fixing systems and the provision of position for hydrographic surveys is briefly discussed.
Uitgever: Taylor & Francis
Bronbestand: Elektronische Wetenschappelijke Tijdschriften

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