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  Accurate GPS measurement of the location and orientation of a floating platform
Titel: Accurate GPS measurement of the location and orientation of a floating platform
Auteur: Purcell, G. H.
Young, L. E.
Wolf, S. Kornreich
Meehan, T. K.
Duncan, C. B.
Fisher, S. S.
Spiess, F. N.
Austin, G.
Boegeman, D. E.
Lowenstein, C. D.
Rocken, C.
Kelecy, T. M.
Verschenen in: Marine geodesy
Paginering: Jaargang 14 (1990) nr. 3-4 pagina's 255-264
Jaar: 1990-07
Inhoud: This article describes the design and initial tests of the GPS portion of a system for making seafloor geodesy measurements. In the planned system, GPS antennas on a floating platform will be used to measure the location of an acoustic transducer, attached below the platform, which interrogates an array of transponders on the seafloor. Since the GPS antennas are necessarily some distance above the transducer, a short-baseline GPS interferometer consisting of three antennas is used to measure the platform's orientation. A preliminary test of several crucial elements of the system was performed at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) in December 1989. The test involved a fixed antenna on the pier and a second antenna floating on a buoy about 80 m away. GPS measurements of the vertical component of this baseline, analyzed independently by two groups using different software, agree with each other and with an independent measurement within a centimeter. The first test of an integrated GPS/acoustic system took place in the Santa Cruz Basin off the coast of southern California in May 1990. In this test a much larger buoy, designed and built at SIO, was equipped with three GPS antennas and an acoustic transducer that interrogated a transponder on the ocean floor. Preliminary analysis indicates that the horizontal position of the transponder can be determined with a precision of about a centimeter. Further analysis will be required to investigate the magnitude of systematic errors.
Uitgever: Taylor & Francis
Bronbestand: Elektronische Wetenschappelijke Tijdschriften

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