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  Self-awareness and leisure experience
Titel: Self-awareness and leisure experience
Auteur: Samdahl, Diane M.
Kleiber, Douglas A.
Verschenen in: Leisure sciences
Paginering: Jaargang 11 (1989) nr. 1 pagina's 1-10
Jaar: 1989
Inhoud: In recent years, conceptualizations of leisure have focused on a “leisure experience”; characterized by intense involvement in ongoing activity. Some researchers have suggested that self-attention or self-awareness may detract from that involvement and thus inhibit or restrict leisure. The disruptive influence of self-awareness is also addressed in social psychological theories (Duval and Wicklund 1972, Mead 1934), which suggest that self-awareness coincides with judgmental self-evaluation. The relevance of self-evaluation to leisure has been shown in a study by Shaw (1985), but the overall relevance of self-awareness (or loss of self-awareness) to leisure is not well understood. In order to examine the relationship between leisure and self-awareness, an experience sampling study was undertaken. Eighteen individuals completed 695 questionnaires describing situations from their normal daily routines. Analysis indicated that levels of self-awareness were not markedly different in leisure and nonleisure contexts; however, self-awareness within leisure was associated with more positive affect than self-awareness in nonleisure. These results suggest that loss of self-awareness is not central to all leisure situations; researchers who define leisure in terms that imply a loss of self-awareness must carefully address the potentially limiting nature of that perspective. In addition, the positive nature of self-awareness within leisure suggests that leisure may have an important situational influence on the relationship between affect and self-awareness.
Uitgever: Routledge
Bronbestand: Elektronische Wetenschappelijke Tijdschriften

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