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                                       Details for article 2 of 5 found articles
 
 
  Context Sensitivity and Balancing in Indian Organizational Behaviour
 
 
Title: Context Sensitivity and Balancing in Indian Organizational Behaviour
Author: Sinha, Jai B. P.
Kanungo, R. N.
Appeared in: International journal of psychology
Paging: Volume 32 (1997) nr. 2 pages 93-106
Year: 1997-04-01
Contents: This paper attempts to explain Indian organizational behaviour with the help of two interrelated concepts: context sensitivity and balancing. Context sensitivity pertains to beliefs about person ( patra ), time ( kal ), and ecological ( desh ) components of the environment. Balancing is a behavioural disposition to avoid extremes and to integrate or accommodate diverse considerations. Traditional systems such as Hindu religion, caste as a form of social stratification, and agricultural mode of production have interacted with foreign invasions and alien rules to give rise to several sociocultural characteristics: (1) group embeddedness and hierarchy while relating to people ( patra ), (2) uncertainty about future and the resultant short-term perspective while relating to time ( kal ), and (3) scarcity of resources, deficient infrastructural facilities, and poverty syndrome while relating to ecology ( desh ). Rapid industrialization and the transplant of Western technology and work forms in the last three decades have added individualistic values and Western management practices. While responding to the three components of the environment, people exhibit both a primary expresive mode that is traditional in nature and a secondary expressive mode that is acquired as a result of the transplantation of the Western management system onto a traditional core. Superior-subordinate relationships, work behaviour, and management practices reflect both the primary and secondary modes in varying degrees. Cet article essaie d'expliquer le comportement organisationnel en Inde a l'aide de deux concepts interrelies: la sensibilite au contexte et l'equilibre. La sensibilite au contexte refere aux croyances quant a la personne ( patra ), le temps ( kal ) et les composantes ecologiques ( desh ) de l'environnement. L'equilibre est une disposition comportementale a eviter les extremes et a integrer ou accommoder divers points de vue. Les systemes traditionnels tels la religion hindoue, la caste en tant que forme de stratification sociale et le mode de production agricole ont interagi avec les invasions et les regles etrangeres pour donner naissance a plusieurs caracteristiques socioculturelles: (1) la fusion dans le groupe et la hierarchie dans les relations avec les autres ( patra ); (2) l'incertitude quant a l'avenir et la perspective a court terme qui en resulte dans les relations au temps ( kal ); (3) la penurie de ressources, l'infrastructure deficiente et le syndrome de pauvrete dans les relations avec l'ecologie ( desh ). L'industrialisation rapide et la transplantation de la technologie et des formes de travail occidentales au cours des trois dernieres decennies ont introduit des valeurs individualistes et des pratiques de gestion occidentales. Dans leur reaction a l'environnement, les gens manifestent a la fois un mode primaire d'expression qui est traditionnel et un mode secondaire qui a ete acquis a la suite de la juxtaposition du systeme occidentale de gestion au systeme traditionnel. Les relations superieur-subordonne, le comportement au travail et les pratiques de gestion refletent les modes primaire at secondaire a des degres divers.
Publisher: Psychology Press
Source file: Elektronische Wetenschappelijke Tijdschriften
 
 

                             Details for article 2 of 5 found articles
 
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