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                                       Details for article 4 of 6 found articles
 
 
  Metal Tolerance of Scented Geranium (Pelargonium sp. 'Frensham'): Effects of Cadmium and Nickel on Chlorophyll Fluorescence Kinetics
 
 
Title: Metal Tolerance of Scented Geranium (Pelargonium sp. 'Frensham'): Effects of Cadmium and Nickel on Chlorophyll Fluorescence Kinetics
Author: Dan, Tereza V.
KrishnaRaj, Sankaran
Saxena, Praveen K.
Appeared in: International journal of phytoremediation
Paging: Volume 2 (2000) nr. 1 pages 91-104
Year: 2000-01-01
Contents: The ability of scented geraniums (Pelargonium sp. Frensham) to tolerate metal stress was assessed using chlorophyll a fluorescence kinetics. The effects of various concentrations of cadmium and nickel in the culture solution on photosynthetic efficiency in scented geranium was evaluated in comparison to two well-established metal accumulators, the Indian mustard (Brassica juncea), and the sunflower (Helianthus annuus), under greenhouse conditions. The efficiency of the photosynthetic apparatus was affected to varying degrees at all metal concentrations for the plants tested. High concentrations of cadmium (1000 mg L-1) did not significantly affect the efficiency of photosystem II activity, expressed as the ratio of variable fluorescence to maximal fluorescence (Fv/Fm), which remained high (0.738) in scented geraniums, but decreased significantly (P < 0.05) in Indian mustard (0.089) and sunflower (0.026) plants following 4 days of metal exposure. Similar trends were observed for nickel treatments. Also, the number and size of active photosynthetic reaction centers, as measured by the Fv/Fo ratio, was not significantly affected by metal exposure in scented geranium plants, while the ratio significantly decreased in Indian mustard and sunflower seedlings. The results suggest that scented geranium plants were able to overcome metal stress through (1) maintaining an efficient photosystem II activity, which is required for plant metabolism and physiological functions, as well as to overcome metal ion mediated stress, and (2) restricting damage to the photosynthetic apparatus (reaction centers) by metal ions.
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Source file: Elektronische Wetenschappelijke Tijdschriften
 
 

                             Details for article 4 of 6 found articles
 
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