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  Using ergonomics investigations to improve stepladder safety
Titel: Using ergonomics investigations to improve stepladder safety
Auteur: Norris, Beverley
Lawrence, Karen
Hopkinson, Neil
Wilson, John R.
Verschenen in: International journal on injury control and safety promotion
Paginering: Jaargang 5 (1998) nr. 2 pagina's 75-83
Jaar: 1998-06-01
Inhoud: The majority of British households own a stepladder and around 14,000 people are injured seriously enough to visit hospital Accident and Emergency departments each year while using them in the home, one of the highest rates of injuries associated with a consumer product. The aim of this study was to look at the causes of accidents with stepladders and to identify routes for improvement in their safety. The investigation involved surveys of accidents, and of the stepladder market, and experimental work looking at how stepladders are used; the paper also describes the ergonomics methods used in the investigation. Observations of 'natural' use of stepladders demonstrated that few people follow the rules of safe stepladder use, with which nearly all step-ladders in the UK are now labelled. Of the 40 subjects observed, no one read the instructions on the stepladder before using it, no one was able to assemble a combination stepladder correctly, nearly all subjects used the stepladder sideways to the task (which is considered mis-use) and most subjects over-reached. As a result of the study a nationwide publicity campaign was launched in the UK to try to raise consumer awareness of safe stepladder use and a review of both British and European standards has been undertaken.
Uitgever: Taylor & Francis
Bronbestand: Elektronische Wetenschappelijke Tijdschriften

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