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  Solute Size Effects on the Diffusion in Biofilms of Streptococcus mutans
Titel: Solute Size Effects on the Diffusion in Biofilms of Streptococcus mutans
Auteur: Marcotte, Lucie
Therien-Aubin, Heloise
Sandt, Christophe
Barbeau, Jean
Lafleur, Michel
Verschenen in: Biofouling
Paginering: Jaargang 20 (2004) nr. 4-5 pagina's 189-201
Jaar: 2004
Inhoud: The diffusion of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) (MW varying between 200 and 10,000), and of three different types of micelles was examined in Streptococcus mutans biofilms using infrared spectroscopy. PEGs were used because they show limited interactions with biological materials and their weight can be selected in order to cover a wide range of size. The study showed that a considerable fraction at the base of the biofilm was not accessible to the diffusing solute molecules and this inaccessible fraction was very dependent on the size of the diffusing molecules. In parallel, it was found that the diffusion coefficients of these solutes in the biofilms were less than those in water and this reduction was less pronounced for large macromolecules, an effect proposed to be related to their limited penetration. Triton X-100, a neutral detergent, forms micelles that behave like PEG, suggesting that the behaviour observed for neutral macromolecules can be extrapolated to neutral macroassemblies. However, the diffusion, as well as the penetration of sodium dodecylsulphate micelles (a negatively charged surfactant) and cetylpyridinium chloride micelles (positively charged), in the biofilms appeared to be significantly influenced by electrostatic interactions with biofilm components. The present findings provide useful insights associated with the molecular parameters required to efficiently penetrate bacterial biofilms. The study suggests a rationale for the limited bactericidal power of some antibiotics (the large ones). The restricted accessibility of macromolecules and macroassemblies to biofilms must be examined carefully in order to offer guidelines in the development of novel antibacterial treatments.
Uitgever: Taylor & Francis
Bronbestand: Elektronische Wetenschappelijke Tijdschriften

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