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  Testing for lead in toys at day care centers
Titel: Testing for lead in toys at day care centers
Auteur: Sanders, Martha
Stolz, Julie
Chacon-Baker, Ashley
Verschenen in: Work
Paginering: Jaargang 44 (2012) nr. supplement-1 pagina's 29-38
Jaar: 2012-12-14
Inhoud: OBJECTIVE: Exposure to lead-based paint or material has been found to impact children's cognitive and behavioral development at blood lead levels far below current standards. The purpose of the project was to screen for lead in toy items in daycare centers in order to raise awareness of inside environmental lead exposures and minimize lead-based exposures for children. METHODS: Occupational therapy students in a service learning class tested for lead in ten daycare or public centers using the XRF Thermo Scientific Niton XL3t, a method accepted by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). RESULTS: A total of 460 items were tested over a two-month period for an average of 66 toys per setting. Fifty six (56) items tested > 100 ppm, which represented 12% of the entire sample. Items with high lead levels included selected toys constructed with lead-based paint, lead metals, plastics using lead as a color enhancer, and decorative objects. CONCLUSION: While the actual number of lead-based products is small, the cumulative exposure or habitual use may pose an unnecessary risk to children. Indoor exposures occurred for all day care centers regardless of socio-economic levels. Recommendations to minimize exposures are provided.
Uitgever: IOS Press
Bronbestand: Elektronische Wetenschappelijke Tijdschriften

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