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  Depression and the pursuit of happiness
Titel: Depression and the pursuit of happiness
Auteur: Street, Helen
Verschenen in: Clinical psychologist
Paginering: Jaargang 4 (1999) nr. 1 pagina's 18-25
Jaar: 1999
Inhoud: It is suggested that vulnerability to depression may be exacerbated by misconceptions of happiness as a higher order goal only obtainable through attainment of lower order goals. Thus, depressed individuals may effectively have put their happiness “on hold“ throughout the process of goal pursuit. The perception of prolonged unhappiness during the process of goal pursuit may lead to rumination and depression. In support of this theory, longitudinal evidence has been obtained from the present study suggesting that individuals who pursue important academic, social and fitness goals in order to gain happiness are more likely to become depressed than those that pursue the same goals for personal enjoyment. The study explores the concept of “linking” (McIntosh, 1996) in relation to rumination and depression. An individual who “links” makes their happiness and well being conditional upon achievement of specific goals. Regression analyses are carried out on data obtained from 90 adolescents over six months. Results provide evidence for a causal relationship between linking and depression, which is mediated by rumination. The more an individual makes their happiness conditional upon goal achievement, the more time they spend ruminating. Increasing rumination leads to increasing depression.
Uitgever: Taylor & Francis
Bronbestand: Elektronische Wetenschappelijke Tijdschriften

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