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  Macronutrient Self-Selection Pattern in Rats under Different Lighting Conditions
 
 
Titel: Macronutrient Self-Selection Pattern in Rats under Different Lighting Conditions
Auteur: Lax, Pedro
Madrid, Juan A.
Verschenen in: Biological rhythm research
Paginering: Jaargang 31 (2000) nr. 1 pagina's 71-87
Jaar: 2000-02-01
Inhoud: The effect of constant darkness (DD) and constant light (LL) on the circadian pattern of macronutrient self-selection, daily food intake and body weight was analysed in rats using an automated computer system. No significant differences in energy intake were observed between groups as regards energy intake or macronutrient preferences. Fat and CHO intakes showed a negative correlation (p < 0.005 in LL and p < 0.0005 in DD and LD), while protein intake remained constant, which suggests the existence of separate regulation mechanisms governing the intake of protein and energy. Energetic requirements can be preponderantly covered by CHO or fat, depending on the preferences of the animal. Body weight measurements reflected no significant variations between groups at the end of the experiment. However, the circadian pattern of wheel-running activity and the intake of the three macronutrients measured in both constant lighting conditions varied with respect to that observed in LD. This was particularly true in the case of LL, when constant illumination exerted a decoupling effect on the rhythms. The results indicate that lighting conditions modulate the circadian pattern of wheel-running activity and macronutrient intake. However, changes in temporal organisation of food intake did not affect macronutrient preferences, daily energy intake, number of meals, feeding duration or body weight, suggesting the existence of a double, circadian and homeostatic, control of such variables.
Uitgever: Taylor & Francis
Bronbestand: Elektronische Wetenschappelijke Tijdschriften
 
 

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