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                                       Details van artikel 38 van 42 gevonden artikelen
 
 
  Underutilization of neuropsychology in traumatic brain injury rehabilitation: Is managed care to blame?
 
 
Titel: Underutilization of neuropsychology in traumatic brain injury rehabilitation: Is managed care to blame?
Auteur: Philip Schatz
Lucinda J. Hughes
Douglas L. Chute
Verschenen in: NeuroRehabilitation
Paginering: Jaargang 16 (2002) nr. 4 pagina's 281-287
Jaar: 2002-03-25
Inhoud: We evaluated factors determining which individuals received neuropsychological evaluations (NPEs) following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Comprehensive records from a State-wide/sponsored Head Injury Program were followed from 1985--1995 to monitor effects of managed care on provision (or absence) of formal NPEs and ultimately on rehabilitation outcome. Only 26% of 273 individuals received NPEs (within their first three years post-injury). In the years prior to and after large changes in managed care, there were no differences in the provision of formal NPEs. Discriminant analysis identified functional status at discharge from primary rehabilitation and total number of rehabilitation facilities as the two variables that most distinguished those who had received NPEs with 69% classification accuracy. Between group analyses revealed that individuals were more likely to receive NPEs if they were young, involved in liability claims, attended multiple rehabilitation facilities, or had higher functional status at discharge from primary rehabilitation, regardless of the nature or severity of their TBI. Individuals receiving formal NPEs ultimately achieved higher levels of functional independence, suggesting a potential selection bias. Individuals were no more likely to receive NPEs according to insurance status (private versus government assisted) or as a function of the decade of their injury (1980's versus 1990's). It appears that health-care reform has had no deleterious effect on neuropsychologists' ability to provide consultative services for this population, and following TBI, only a discrete sample of individuals receive and benefit from NPEs.
Uitgever: IOS Press
Bronbestand: Elektronische Wetenschappelijke Tijdschriften
 
 

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